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From: "Tom Breton (Tehom)" <tehom@panix.com>
To: Carsten Dominik <dominik@science.uva.nl>
Cc: emacs-orgmode@gnu.org
Subject: Advice sought on managing decision alternatives.
Date: Sun, 18 Jan 2009 22:33:25 -0500 (EST)	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1371.66.30.178.137.1232336005.squirrel@mail.panix.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <DDD4C54F-B799-422F-AD83-45F142B28EFC@uva.nl>

On my last two requests, Carsten had better ideas and my proposal
really benefitted from them.  So I'm asking for advice on the design.

****** Rationale

When I make a decision, in org-mode, I write down the set of
reasonable alternatives that I see, each one as an item.  Then I make
notes about each one and then choose.

Often the process is messy.  I sometimes:

 * add a new alternative later
 * realize an alternative is fatally flawed and permanently reject it.
 * choose one but come to regret it.  Then I need to unchoose it and
   then choose another.
 * Realize that what I thought was an alternative is really a distinct
   yes/no choice.
 * Add a related yes/no choice to the group - I could make a new
   subtree for each new related choice, but usually once I find one
   related choice, I soon find many, so that's a lot of restructuring
   for little benefit.

****** The overall idea:

So I want a way of keeping track of alternatives and their state of
decision.  Where possible, I'd like this to automatically stay in a
sensible state.  Eg, if one alternative is chosen, no other is.

****** A detailed example

******* Item markings

For example, each item could be marked from this set of markings:

 * CHOSEN
   * Invariant :: The other items are marked NOT CHOSEN or lower
   * Reaction :: If another item becomes CHOSEN, this item becomes NOT
                 CHOSEN
   * Reaction :: If another item becomes LEANING TOWARDS, this item
                 becomes MAYBE.

 * LEANING TOWARDS
   * Invariant :: The other items are marked MAYBE or lower.
   * Reaction :: If another item becomes LEANING TOWARDS, this item
                 becomes MAYBE.
 * MAYBE
   * The default marking.  New items in the group get this marking
     unless some item is marked CHOSEN, in which case new items get
     NOT CHOSEN.
   * Reaction :: If another item becomes CHOSEN, MAYBE becomes NOT
                 CHOSEN.
 * NOT CHOSEN
   * Reaction :: If it becomes the case that no item is CHOSEN, NOT
                 CHOSEN items become MAYBE.
   * If marks are to be changed by moving up and down this "scale", an
     item could become "NOT CHOSEN" in the course of becoming
     "REJECTED".  This requirement keeps me from adding an invariant
     that if any item is NOT CHOSEN, exactly one item should be
     CHOSEN.

 * REJECTED
   * Remains marked REJECTED regardless what happens to other items.


Notice the symmetry in the constraints:

| If any   |   | then the other |   |
| item is: |   | items can't be |   |
|          |   | higher than:   |   |
|----------+---+----------------+---|
| CHOSEN   | 1 | NOT CHOSEN     | 4 |
| FAVORED  | 2 | MAYBE          | 3 |
|----------+---+----------------+---|

So there are 2 ranges of marks relating to each other in mirror image
fashion.  If some item is marked in the "CHOSEN" range, other items
can't be marked higher than the mirror-corresponding entry in the "NOT
CHOSEN" range.  I believe that will keep the items collectively in a
sensible state.

******* Item grouping

A group of items represent alternatives in a decision just if:

 * they are siblings
 * they all have a mark from that set.

There's plenty of room to expand to other means of grouping items.

****** The plan

My tentative plan is this:

 * Use the TODO position to carry chosenness information
   * Is that a bad idea?  Is there ever a case when an item should be
     both an alternative in a choice and a normal TODO item?
 * Re-use the usual TODO manipulation commands to manipulate these
   marks.
 * Add a new class of TODO-like mark interpretation
   * This interpretation is "chosenness" instead of "type" or
     "sequence".
   * The spec for it can indicate
     * The mark that is given to new items by default
     * The upper range (as above)
     * The lower range (as above)
   * Indications
     * "0" indicates the default mark
     * "-" indicates the lowest automatically managed mark.
       * If a low auto mark is not present, no automatic handling is
         wanted.
     * "+" indicates the counterpart of the low auto mark, to help
       indicate the upper range.
       * Defaults to the last item.
   * How these marks indicate ranges
     * the lower range is from the low auto mark to the default mark,
       inclusive
     * the upper range is from the mark above the default mark to the
       high auto mark, inclusive.
     * EXCEPT that the ranges must be the same length, so truncate the
       longer one.  Truncate it at the default end of it.
     * If there's no low auto mark, there are no ranges and no automatic
       handling.
   * Examples:
     * (chosenness "REJECTED" "-" "NOT_CHOSEN" "0" "MAYBE"
       "LEANING_TOWARDS" "+" "CHOSEN")
     * (chosenness "NO" "0" "MAYBE" "YES")
 * Set up the regular expressions etc to accept these marks in TODO
   position.  Same thing org-set-regexps-and-options does now, except:
   * Accept chosenness too.
   * Don't place chosenness marks in org-done-keywords and
     org-not-done-keywords
   * Place chosenness ranges in appropriate buffer-local variables.
 * In order to keep the marks consistent (as described above), use
   org-trigger-hook. When some item becomes marked with a mark in the
   upper range, demote the other items to the mark that occupies the
   mirror position in the lower range.
   * Eg, using the first example of marks, when an item is made
     CHOSEN, demote its siblings to NOT_CHOSEN.
   * Eg, using the first example of marks, when an item is made
     LEANING_TOWARDS, demote its siblings to MAYBE.
 * In order to find the correct default for such an item, add another
   hook.
   * It is called just if a default mark is wanted
   * It (each function on it) returns `nil' or a string.
   * For chosenness, it acts when
     * the old mark is `nil' or is from another TODO keyword set
     * A chosenness keyword set is to be used.


****** Impact on code

 * Most of this would go in a contrib module to hold the changes.
   * Name it "org-decisions.el"
   * This would define and manage the range variables described above.
   * When it loaded, it would add appropriately to the new variables
     below.
 * In org.el
   * Affecting customizations:
     * The org-todo-keywords customize would add an interpretation
       "chosenness" as alternative to "type" and "sequence".
   * Affecting org-todo
     * I'd add a hook.
       * Name it org-todo-get-default-hook
     * That hook would be called to find a default item.
   * Affecting org-set-regexps-and-options:
     * I'd add an alist that associates type to a handler that sets up
       the various todo variables.
       * Name it org-set-todo-handlers-alist.
     * org-set-regexps-and-options would use that list to find a
       handler where now it processes "type" and "sequence".
     * The "type" and "sequence" handlers would be the same code that
       is used now in `org-set-regexps-and-options', excerpted.
     * Alternatively, I could leave "type" and "sequence" handling
       where it is as special cases.

  parent reply	other threads:[~2009-01-19  3:33 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 56+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
     [not found] <20090101170227.C707734803@mail2.panix.com>
2009-01-01 22:53 ` Feature request and patch - blocked TODO to say BLOCKED Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-01-09  8:16   ` Carsten Dominik
2009-01-15  2:34     ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-01-17  8:01       ` Carsten Dominik
2009-01-19  3:33     ` Tom Breton (Tehom) [this message]
2009-01-22 11:15       ` Advice sought on managing decision alternatives Carsten Dominik
2009-01-31  4:21         ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-01-31  5:41           ` Carsten Dominik
2009-01-31 18:36             ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-01 15:54               ` James TD Smith
2009-02-06 13:08           ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-06 16:16             ` William Henney
2009-02-06 20:07             ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-07  0:18               ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-07 20:46                 ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-08 13:06                   ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-08 20:25                     ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-09  6:42                       ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-10  3:14                         ` Docs submitted (Was Re: Advice sought on managing decision alternatives.) Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-10  7:55                           ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-24  0:51                             ` org-choose bugfix Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-24  3:05                               ` Manish
2009-04-07  0:13                                 ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-04-08 13:13                                   ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-24  5:51                               ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-10  8:46                           ` Docs submitted (Was Re: Advice sought on managing decision alternatives.) Manish
2009-02-10  9:12                             ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-10 10:26                               ` Manish
2009-02-10 22:48                                 ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-12 12:50                                   ` Manish
2009-02-12 20:13                                     ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-13  4:23                                       ` Manish
2009-02-12 20:55                                     ` Patch " Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-13  4:38                                       ` Manish
2009-02-11  1:08                                 ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-11 10:34                                   ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-11 21:41                                     ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-11 23:38                                       ` Nick Dokos
2009-02-12  4:17                                         ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-11 23:44                                       ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-12  4:27                                         ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-12 15:49                                           ` Nick Dokos
2009-02-12 20:32                                             ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-12 21:25                                               ` Nick Dokos
2009-02-11 12:29                                   ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-11 14:58                                     ` Docs submitted Bernt Hansen
2009-02-11 17:33                                       ` Samuel Wales
2009-02-11 15:38                                     ` Docs submitted (Was Re: Advice sought on managing decision alternatives.) Daniel Clemente
2009-02-11 15:41                                       ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-11 20:02                                     ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-11 23:45                                       ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-11  1:45                                 ` Slight fix to update-org.sh Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-10 23:19                               ` Docs submitted (Was Re: Advice sought on managing decision alternatives.) Tom Breton (Tehom)
2009-02-11 10:34                                 ` Carsten Dominik
2009-02-10 22:45                             ` Tom Breton (Tehom)
     [not found] <20090122112819.B30E12940C@mail1.panix.com>
2009-01-22 22:11 ` Advice sought on managing decision alternatives Tom Breton (Tehom)

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