Hi I have a org table and want to add a new colum, which natural numbers which are randomly ordered So I tried #+TBLFM: $1=@#-1::$4=random($1@4);f1 But the column contains real numbers What can I do Uwe Brauer

```
Le 27/05/2020 à 22:40, Uwe Brauer a écrit :
> Hi
>
>
> I have a org table and want to add a new colum, which natural numbers
> which are randomly ordered
>
> So I tried
>
> #+TBLFM: $1=@#-1::$4=random($1@4);f1
>
> But the column contains real numbers
>
> What can I do
>
> Uwe Brauer
>
>
What about:
#+TBLFM: $4=random($1);f0
In row 67 you would have a random integer in the range [0..67)
f0 format removes any fractional part leaving only an integer number
```

```
On Wednesday, 27 May 2020 at 22:40, Uwe Brauer wrote:
> I have a org table and want to add a new colum, which natural numbers
> which are randomly ordered
Something like
#+TBLFM: $1=floor(100*random(0.1))
I don't know what argument you want to pass to random(), especially as
you had $1@4 which seems wrong?
--
: Eric S Fraga via Emacs 28.0.50, Org release_9.3.6-640-g9bc0cc
```

Ignore previous reply. I misread your email. Too early in the morning for me. -- : Eric S Fraga via Emacs 28.0.50, Org release_9.3.6-640-g9bc0cc

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 478 bytes --] > Le 27/05/2020 à 22:40, Uwe Brauer a écrit : > What about: > #+TBLFM: $4=random($1);f0 > In row 67 you would have a random integer in the range [0..67) > f0 format removes any fractional part leaving only an integer number Aha thanks, a minor thing, which I thank, cannot be really done: Is it possible to avoid number repetition? So I want a random sequence of the column 67 but I don't want numbers to be repeated. Regards Uwe [-- Attachment #2: smime.p7s --] [-- Type: application/pkcs7-signature, Size: 5673 bytes --]

> > In row 67 you would have a random integer in the range [0..67) > > f0 format removes any fractional part leaving only an integer number > > Aha thanks, a minor thing, which I thank, cannot be really done: > > Is it possible to avoid number repetition? > > So I want a random sequence of the column 67 but I don't want numbers to > be repeated. To avoid duplicates you could generate a sequence from [0..67), shuffle it[1], then use the row number as an index into that list. (Or pop off the front.) How to do that from an org table function I have no idea, however. [1]: Emacs lisp "Knuth shuffle" implementation: https://stackoverflow.com/a/49505968/5950 Regards, Stig

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 925 bytes --] >>> "SB" == Stig Brautaset <stig@brautaset.org> writes: >> > In row 67 you would have a random integer in the range [0..67) >> > f0 format removes any fractional part leaving only an integer number >> >> Aha thanks, a minor thing, which I thank, cannot be really done: >> >> Is it possible to avoid number repetition? >> >> So I want a random sequence of the column 67 but I don't want numbers to >> be repeated. > To avoid duplicates you could generate a sequence from [0..67), shuffle > it[1], then use the row number as an index into that list. (Or pop off the > front.) How to do that from an org table function I have no idea, > however. Thanks I tried in a row of 33 $5=random([0..34]);f0 $5=random([0..34));f0 $5=random([0..33));f0 But random repeats, however org-table-sort-lines sorts anyway And what I truly needed is a random sorting of sorts. [-- Attachment #2: smime.p7s --] [-- Type: application/pkcs7-signature, Size: 5673 bytes --]

```
On Friday, 29 May 2020 at 13:19, Uwe Brauer wrote:
> But random repeats, however org-table-sort-lines sorts anyway
> And what I truly needed is a random sorting of sorts.
(now that I am awake... ;-))
What you want is a "permutation" vector. Calc does appear to have some
support for permutation vectors but I'm not sure it has what you need to
create a random permutation.
--
: Eric S Fraga via Emacs 28.0.50, Org release_9.3.6-640-g9bc0cc
```

```
Uwe Brauer <oub@mat.ucm.es> writes:
>>>> "SB" == Stig Brautaset <stig@brautaset.org> writes:
>
> >> > In row 67 you would have a random integer in the range [0..67)
> >> > f0 format removes any fractional part leaving only an integer number
> >>
> >> Aha thanks, a minor thing, which I thank, cannot be really done:
> >>
> >> Is it possible to avoid number repetition?
> >>
> >> So I want a random sequence of the column 67 but I don't want numbers to
> >> be repeated.
>
> > To avoid duplicates you could generate a sequence from [0..67), shuffle
> > it[1], then use the row number as an index into that list. (Or pop off the
> > front.) How to do that from an org table function I have no idea,
> > however.
>
> Thanks I tried in a row of 33
> $5=random([0..34]);f0
> $5=random([0..34));f0
> $5=random([0..33));f0
>
> But random repeats, however org-table-sort-lines sorts anyway
> And what I truly needed is a random sorting of sorts.
Right, I think I failed to make myself understood so here's an example
of what I had in mind. It's not convenient to use (need to execute
a source code block) but hopefully what I mean is a bit clearer, and
someone can clean it up a little :-)
First we need to generate a randomised sequence of unique integer in a
range, using the Knuth shuffle I pointed to earlier. Every time you run
tihs you get a new sequence. I've kept the output more to verify that
the results have unique output, as the table formula later will read
from the lisp variable, IIUC.
#+name: random-seq
#+begin_src emacs-lisp :var length=10 :results list
(defun nshuffle (sequence)
(loop for i from (length sequence) downto 2
do (rotatef (elt sequence (random i))
(elt sequence (1- i))))
sequence)
(setq random-seq (nshuffle (number-sequence 0 (1- length))))
#+end_src
#+RESULTS: random-seq
- 5
- 9
- 6
- 0
- 7
- 8
- 3
- 2
- 1
- 4
And now for the table that uses the variable. As we compute the
randomised sequence ahead of time for each invocation of the column
formula, and we can use each row number as an index into the sequence to
assign a unique, randomised integer from a range to each column.
| 0 | 5 |
| 1 | 9 |
| 2 | 6 |
| 3 | 0 |
| 4 | 7 |
| 5 | 8 |
| 6 | 3 |
| 7 | 2 |
| 8 | 1 |
| 9 | 4 |
#+TBLFM: $2='(nth (string-to-number $1) random-seq)
Possible improvements (that I don't think I'm up to making):
1. Don't require the column of indices to use as index into the sequence
2. Show how to do this without having the separate pre-compute step of
the index (possibly with memoizing a sequence on first use?)
Hope this helps!
Regards,
Stig
```